by Stephen Mifsud
   26 Sep 2020      ()
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Tamarix africana   (African Tamarisk)

Tamarix africana   (TAMARICACEAE.) 
Images for this profile are taken from the Maltese Islands at or after year 2000.

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Nomenclature and Basic Information Images
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Profile Date Oct-2010 (last update: 12-Jan-2019)
Citation for this page Mifsud, S. (Oct-2010) Tamarix africana retrieved from on 2020-Sep-26

Nomenclature and Basic Information

Species name :

Tamarix africana Poiret
Published in Poiret, Voy. Barb. 2: 139 (1789)

Synonyms :
(basionym or principal syn.)

Tamarix hispanica
Full list of synonyms : [Euro+Med] [PlantList] [IPNI] [POWO] [Catalogue of Life ]

Plant Family :

Tamaricaceae Link (The Tamarix Family)
3 species from the Tamaricaceae family are recorded from the Maltese Islands.

English name(s) :

African Tamarisk

Maltese name(s) :


Status for Malta :

Indigenous. Present on the Maltese islands before man

Frequency :

Very Common     Common     Frequent     Scarce     Rare     Very rare     Extinct

Growth form :

Raunkiaer lifeform [info]: Macro-Phanerophyte (high trees usually over 10m )
Germination [info]: Dicotyledon

Legal Protection [link]:

Protected by law: schedule II of legal notice LN200/2011. (Trees protected in selected areas)

Red List (1989) :

This species has a threatened status and is listed in the Red Data Book of the Maltese Islands

Flowering Time :


Colour of Flowers:


Remarks :

A native Tamarix species that is found along coastal areas and estuaries of the Maltese islands. More frequent on the island of Gozo and Comino and in some sites it forms a small woodland. The other Tamarix species (namely T. gallica) have been introduced.

Species Description and Distribution

Habitat in Europe:

Coastal marshes and river-banks.

Preferred habitat in Malta:

Data will be available in the next update of this website.

Botanical Description:

Tree with black or dark purple bark, glabrous except for papillose bracts and inflorescence-axis. Leaves 1.5-4 mm, acute. Racemes 30-60 x 5-8 mm, usually vernal, but often aestival in Spain and Portugal. Bracts triangular, obtuse to acuminate, usually exceeding the calyx. Flowers subsessile, white or pale pink, 5-merous, without antepetalous stamens. Sepals 1.5 mm, trullate-ovate, acute. Petals 2-3 mm, trullate-ovate, at least some of them persistent. Filaments expanded at the base and confluent with the lobes of the disc.

Distributional range:

S.W. Europe, extending eastwards to S. Italy.

Distributional map in Europe
and the Mediterranean region (2018):

Occurrences in Europe.
(from Flora Europaea pre year 1993):

the Balaeric Islands, Corse, France (incl. Monaco and Channel Islands but excluding Corse), Spain (incl. Andorra but excl. the Balaerics), Italy (excl. Sicily and Sardignia), Portugal, Sardinia, Sicily and/or Malta, Introduced in  Britain (excl. Northern Ireland and Channel islands)

Occurrences in Europe and the Mediterranean region.
(Euro+Med Checklist, 2017) - Country codes

? Ag Bl(I M N) Ca(C F L T) Co Ct Ga(F) Hs(S) It Li Lu Ma Md Sa Si(M S) Tn [nAz(C F G J L M P S T) Br]

Images (11 images)
   Tamarix africana   -   Image Code: TMXAF-0.
   Tamarix africana   -   Image Code: TMXAF-1.
   Tamarix africana   -   Image Code: TMXAF-2.
   Tamarix africana   -   Image Code: TMXAF-3.
   Tamarix africana   -   Image Code: TMXAF-4.
   Tamarix africana   -   Image Code: TMXAF-5.
   Tamarix africana   -   Image Code: TMXAF-6.
   Tamarix africana   -   Image Code: TMXAF-7.
   Tamarix africana   -   Image Code: TMXAF-8.
   Tamarix africana   -   Image Code: TMXAF-9.
   Tamarix africana   -   Image Code: TMXAF-10.

Links & Further info

Google Web

Google Images

Yahoo Web

Yahoo Images




Med Checklist

Cat. of Life



The Plant List


Vienna Virt. Hb.





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